If you suffered a traumatic brain injury due to an accident, you could face a long-term impact. According to the National Institutes of Health, TBIs have a range of side effects and complications depending on the severity of the injury.
While some issues may arise shortly following the injury other symptoms may manifest long after.
Complications following an injury
Following the TBI, several complications may occur. Severe TBIs tend to have more difficulties than mild TBIs. A few common complications include nerve damage, seizures, blood clots, brain infection and stroke.
Long-term issues following an injury
TBIs may increase the likelihood of Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Diseases like Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s involve a breakdown of brain cells. Parkinson’s, for example, impairs motor skills and body movement, whereas Alzheimer’s impairs thinking, memory and emotions.
Chronic conditions such as chronic traumatic encephalopathy can cause memory problems, thinking issues and problems with motor skills. Often, this condition occurs when it comes to chronic TBI.
You may notice chronic problems with brain function that occur days or months later. While some symptoms may fade, others can last for a lifetime. TBIs can make it challenging to learn new information, to make decisions or to process emotion. Many TBI sufferers have difficulty with anxiety, mood swings and depression. Physically, you may experience double vision, ringing in the ears and a loss of sense of taste.
If you suffer from a TBI, you may have difficulty communicating. For instance, speaking, writing and reading can become difficult. Likewise, you may be unable to express your feelings or thoughts as you could before.